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音域是指某一乐器或人声歌唱所能发出的最低音到最高音之间的范围。

樂器的音域编辑

不同的樂器有高低寬窄不同的音域,較多數的樂器如管樂器弦樂器在演奏音域邊緣的聲音時會比較困難,鍵盤樂器打擊樂器則較無這類問題,因此通常可以有較寬廣的音域。[1]

人聲的音域编辑

人的音域高低寬窄會因年齡性別、個人差異以及歌唱的訓練而有些不同。在聲樂中一般按音域的高低,分成女高音女中音女低音男高音男中音男低音

典型音域编辑

Middle CMiddle Cgongvesselstubular belltubesglockenspielvibraphonecelestametallophonescrotalesplaquesxylophonemarimbaxylophone familysticks or barsidiophoneB drumA drumF drumC drumG drumD drumtimpanimembranophonepiccolo trumpettrumpetcornetbass trumpettrumpetsflugelhornalto horneuphoniumbaritone hornhorn (instrument)hornsalto trombonetenor trombonebass trombonecontrabass trombonetrombonescimbassotenor wagner tubabass tubacontrabass tubatubabrass instrumentOrgan (music)sopranino recordersoprano (descant) recorderalto recordertenor recorderbass recorderrecordersfipplepiccoloflutealto flutebass flutecontra-alto flutecontrabass flutesubcontrabass flutedouble contrabass flutehyperbass flutewestern concert flute familyside blownflutesharmonicaharmonicaaccordionharmoniumfree reedsopranissimo saxophonesopranino saxophonesoprano saxophonemezzo-soprano saxophonealto saxophonetenor saxophonebaritone saxbass saxophonecontrabass saxophonesubcontrabass saxophonesaxophone familysopranino clarinetsoprano clarinetalto clarinetbass clarinetcontra-alto clarinetcontrabass clarinetoctacontra-alto clarinetoctocontrabass clarinetclarinet familysingle reedoboeheckelphonecor anglaisoboesbassooncontrabassoonbassoonsexposeddouble reedwoodwind instrumentcymbalumhammered dulcimerpianostruck5-string banjomandolinguitarbass guitarharpsichordharpPlucked string instrumentviolinviolacellodouble bassviolin familybowedchordophonesopranomezzo-sopranoalto%20%28voice%29tenorbaritonebassohuman voice

*圖表僅顯示降到C0,雖然最低音單簧管(subcontrabass clarinet)延伸到B♭低於C。也有一些管樂器,諸如Boardwalk Hall Auditorium Organ延降到C−1(低於C0一個八度階)。


參見编辑

註釋编辑

  1. "Music theory online : musical instrument ranges & names", Brian Blood, Dolmetsch.com, 2009, webpage: Dolmetsch-M29.
ja:音域